Bruce was also recently named contributor in an abstract re 99DOTS for 2015 Union Lung Conference. The abstract discusses how 99DOTS empowers patients, providers, and treatment programs, supporting health system efficacy and efficiency. Adherent patients can take independent custody of their drugs and confirm consumption without physical observation, which simultaneously reduces the burden on providers. Program managers gain real-time information on adherence, enabling more customized and more efficient patient supervision and support. 99DOTS may be especially applicable as India switches from thrice-weekly to daily regimens, as it enables daily monitoring without daily observation.